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The Islamic Calendar

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Post The Islamic Calendar   Thu Sep 09, 2010 6:24 pm

The Islamic calendar is based on the year prophet

Muhammad ()

and his fellow Muslims (known as Sahabah, the Companions) emigrated to

Madinah in the year 622 C.E. (Christian Era). The emigration took

place after thirteen years of persecutions by the disbelievers of

Makkah. By the command of God, the Prophet left the city with his

companion Abu Bakr Siddique (R.A.) and escaped a death threat by the

disbelievers. The event marks the beginning of a second phase of the

Islamic movement. It is the phase when Madinah became the center of an

Islamic state.

The Islamic calendar is lunar. Each month must

begin with the evening when the new moon is sightable by the unaided

naked eye. Muslims are obligated to sight the crescent in every

country. Different countries may begin the year at different days

based on their own sightings. The calendar is called

Hijri calendar. The Arabic word

Hijrah means emigration.

In North America, major Muslim organizations are

working together to produce an Islamic calendar using the scientific


The calendar publishers are requested to

include major Muslim holidays in their calendars.

The Islamic Months

The names of the twelve Islamic months are as follows:

  1. Muharram
  2. Safar
  3. Rabiul-Awwal
  4. Rabi-uthani
  5. Jumadi-ul-Awwal
  6. Jumadi-uthani
  7. Rajab
  8. Sha'ban
  9. Ramadan
  10. Shawwal
  11. Dhil-Q'ada
  12. Dhil-Hijja

To learn more about the Islamic calendar, check out:

by Ishaq Zahid
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